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Glossary

The following terms are used in the description of the artists and lots throughout the catalogue:

Artist & Lot Terms
John Kenneth Esler
artist
ASA, CSGA, CPE, MSA, RCA
Associations (see below)
[1933 -2001]
Date of birth and death of artist
Canadian
Nationality
[b.1952]
Date of birth of artist
ca.
Circa
fl.
Flourished in and around this time period
signed/dated/titled
In our opinion, the work has been signed/dated/titled by the artist unless otherwise noted
signed in plate/block
In our opinion the art work was signed/dated/titled by the artist in the plate before printing
bears signature/date/title
In our opinion the signature/date/title is by a hand other than the artist
Art Terms
... on artist's board
Commercially manufactured ground and support
... on canvas board
Canvas over wood or paper support
... on hard board
Wood composite in particle support
... on paper board
Paper composite support
... on wood board
Wood composite in strand support [i.e. plywood]
... on wood panel
Solid single wood support
verso
On the reverse side
archival mat
Front mat is of archival material
archival material throughout
Work has been examined out of the frame and in our opinion all framing is of archival material
Denglas
Glazed with Denglas material
unframed
All work is framed unless noted as unframed
size
Size is always height by width (by depth for sculpture) in inches rounded down to the nearest quarter of an inch and to the nearest whole centimetre
Ref:
Reference
Prov:
Provenance - indicates previous owners either by way of labels and/or other information; not necessarily an indication of present ownership
LOT OF ??
More than one item in lot
Estimate
An estimate of what the art work may sell for; it is intended as an estimate only

Abbreviations

The following abbreviations may have been used in the catalogue for professional associations and societies:

Professional Associations & Societies
AAF
Alberta Art Foundation / Alberta Foundation for the Arts
ACAD
Alberta College of Art and Design
AFA
Alberta Foundation for the Arts / Alberta Art Foundation
AGA
Art Gallery of Alberta
AFCA
Associate Federation of Canadian Artists [1941]
AGGV
Art Gallery of Greater Victoria
AGO
Art Gallery of Ontario
ANA
Associate of the National Academy of Design, NY, [1825]
AOCA
Associate Ontario College of Art
ARA
Associate of the Royal Academy
ARBA
Associate of the Royal Society of British Artists
ARCA
Associate Royal Canadian Academy of Arts [1880]
ARE
Associate Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers [1880]
ARWS
Associate of the Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours
ASA
Alberta Society of Artists [1931]
AWCS
American Watercolour Society, New York [1878, founded 1866 as American Society of Painters in Watercolours
BCSA
British Columbia Society of Artists [1949]
CAC
Canadian Art Club [1904-15]
CAS
Contemporary Arts Society [1939-48]
CGP
Canadian Group of Painters [1933-69]
CPE
Society of Canadian Painter-Etchers and Engravers [1916-76]
CSGA
Canadian Society of Graphic Art [1923-76]
CSPWC
Canadian Society of Painters in Watercolours [1925]
CSQ
Conseil de la Sculpture du Quebec [1978]
Dict
Dictionary
FCA
Federation of Canadian Artists [1941]
FPSA
Fellow of the Photographic Society of America
IAF
Figurative Art Institute
MMFA
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts [1880]
MSA
Manitoba Society of Artists [1925]
NA
National Academy of Design, NY, [1825]
NEAC
New English Art Club
NGC
National Gallery of Canada
NSSA
Nova Scotia Society of Arts [1922-1972]
NWS
National Watercolour Society
NYWCS
New York Water Colour Club [1890-1941]
OC
Officer of the Order of Canada
OIP
Ontario Institute of Painters, Toronto [1958]
OSA
Ontario Society of Artists [1872]
OWS
Old Watercolour Society, London
PDCC
Print and Drawing Council of Canada [1976]
PSC
Pastel Society of Canada
RA
Royal Academy [1768]
RBA
Royal Society of British Artists [1887]
RCA
Royal Canadian Academy of Arts [1880]
RE
Royal Society of Painter-Etchers & Engravers [1880]
RHA
Royal Hiberian Academy
RI
Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolours [1831]
RIBA
Royal Institute of British Architects, London [1834]
RMS
Royal Miniature Society
RPE
Royal Society of Painters and Etchers
RSA
Royal Scottish Academy [1826]
RSW
Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Watercolours
RWS
Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours [1804]
SCA
Society of Canadian Artists [1868-72]
SFCA
Senior Federation of Canadian Artists [1941]
SGA
Society of Graphic Art, Toronto [1912, founded c. 1903 as GAC, CSGA from 1923]
SSC
Sculptors’ Society of Canada [1928]
SWE
Society of Wood Engravers [1919]
VAG
Vancouver Art Gallery
WIAC
Women’s International Art Club, London [1899]
About
Authenticity

While this is the highest category of authenticity and is in our opinion, a work by the artist, it is made without guarantee as to authorship.

PLEASE NOTE
Due to the time requirements, expense and sometimes changing scholarly opinion of some artists’ work, LEVIS can not guarantee authentication on paintings, drawings, graphic art or sculpture created before 1900.

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